We do, however, know precisely what happened to Tasmanian society–and its end was cataclysmic. At the very least, the story of the Tasmanians challenges us to understand what it really means when we refer to certain peoples as primitive. The primitiveness of the Tasmanians was clearly a technological one, an accident of geographic and geologic history: their technology remained primitive because of the self-evident influences of human numbers and connectedness, plus the people’s lack of access to wild plant and animal species suitable for domestication. But for the people who brought about the Tasmanians’ demise, primitiveness was of a different sort altogether.